Achilles Tendon Rupture Symptoms, Treatment, Recovery - MedicineNet

19 Mar 2014 - 10:02:16 pm

Achilles Tendon Rupture Symptoms, Treatment, Recovery - MedicineNet
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Achilles Tendon RuptureView the Least Effective Exercises Slideshow PicturesLeast Effective Exercises SlideshowDehydration SlideshowFirst Aid Care and Pain Relief for Minor InjuriesMedical Author:Steven S. Bhimji, MD, MSc, PhDMedical Editor:William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACRWilliam C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
View Full ProfileAchilles tendon rupture facts
Function of Achilles tendon
Blood supply of Achilles tendon
What is an Achilles tendon rupture?
What causes an Achilles tendon rupture?
What are Achilles tendon rupturesymptoms and signs?
How is a ruptured Achilles tendon diagnosed?
What are treatment options for an Achilles tendon rupture?
What are possible complications of an Achilles tendon rupture?
What is therecovery time for an Achilles tendon rupture?
What rehabilitation exercises are recommended following an Achilles tendonrupture?
How can an Achilles tendon rupture be prevented?
Are there any home remedies for an Achilles tendon rupture?
What is the prognosis of an Achilles tendon rupture?
Patient Comments: Achilles Tendon Rupture - Symptoms and SignsFind a local Doctor in your town

Achilles tendon rupture facts
The most common initial symptom of Achilles tendon rupture is a sudden snapat the back of the heels with intense pain. Immediately after the rupture, themajority of individuals will have difficult walking.
Some individuals may have had previous complains of calf or heel pain,suggesting prior tendon inflammation or irritation.
Immediately after an Achilles tendon rupture, most individuals will develop alimp. In addition, when the ankle is moved, the patient will complain of pain.In all cases, the affected ankle will have no strength.
Once the Achilles tendon is ruptured, the individual will not be able torun, climb up the stairs, or stand on his toes. The ruptured Achilles tendonprevents the power from the calf muscles to move the heel.
Whenever the diagnosis is missed, the recovery is often prolonged.
Bruising and swelling around the calf and ankle occur.
Achilles tendon rupture is frequent in elderly individuals who have asedentary lifestyle and suddenly become active. In these individuals, the tendonis not strong and the muscles are deconditioned, making recovery moredifficult.
Achilles tendon rupture has been reported after injection ofcorticosteroids around the heel bone or attachment of the tendon. Thefluoroquinolone class of antibiotics (such as ciprofloxacin [Cipro]) is alsoknown to cause Achilles tendon weakness and rupture, especially in youngchildren.
Some individuals have had a prior tendon rupture that was managedconservatively. In such cases, recurrence of rupture is very high.

Function of Achilles tendon

The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon in the human body.The Achilles tendon connects the heel bone (calcaneus) to the muscles at theback of the calf (using gastrocnemius and soleus muscles). The synchronousfunction of the tendon and calf muscles is critical for activities like jumping, running, standing on the toe, and climbing stairs.

When climbing stairs or running, the forces within the tendon have beenmeasured and indicate that the structure is able to withstand at least 10 timesthe body weight of the individual. (See picture 1.)

The function of the Achilles tendon is to help raise your heel as you walk.The tendon also assists in pushing up the toes and lifting the rear of the heel.Without an intact Achilles tendon, almost any motion with the ankle (forexample,walking or running) is difficult.
Picture showing the Achilles tendon and its attachment to the heel bonePicture 1 shows the Achilles tendon and its attachment to the heel bone.Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/10/2013

Next: Blood supply of Achilles tendon
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Patient Comments
Viewers share their commentsAchilles Tendon Rupture - Symptoms and SignsQuestion: What symptoms and signs did you experience with your Achilles tendon rupture?View 5 CommentsoSubmit >>Achilles Tendon Rupture - RecoveryQuestion: Please describe your recovery after receiving treatment for a ruptured Achilles tendon.oSubmit >>

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